Chronic Kidney Disease
The most common form of Kidney disease is the Chronic Kidney Disease. This condition persists over a period of time. High blood pressure is usually one of the most common symptoms.
One of the most dangerous symptoms e.g High blood pressure can disrupt the kidneys because it increases the pressure on the glomeruli. ‘Glomeruli’ is the set of tiny blood vessels in the kidneys where the blood is cleaned. Over time, the increased pressure damages these vessels and kidney function begins to decline.
Kidney function eventually deteriorates to the point where the kidneys can no longer perform their job properly. In this case, a person needs to go on dialysis immediately. Dialysis filters extra fluids and wastes out of the blood. The process can help treat kidney disease but it can’t cure it. A kidney transplant may be another treatment option depending upon the circumstances.
Diabetes is also a major cause of chronic kidney disease. Diabetes is a group of diseases that causes high blood sugar. The increased level of sugar in the blood damages the blood vessels in the kidneys over time. This means the kidneys can’t clean the blood properly and hence, kidney failure can occur when the body becomes overloaded with toxins.
Kidney Stones are another common kidney problem. They occur when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize in the kidneys, forming solid masses (stones). Kidney stones usually come out of the body during urination. Passing kidney stones can be extremely painful, but they rarely cause significant problems.
Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the glomeruli. Glomeruli are extremely small structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by infections, drugs, or congenital abnormalities (disorders that occur during or shortly after birth).
Polycystic kidney disease
Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic disorder that causes numerous cysts (small sacs of fluid) to grow in the kidneys. These cysts can interfere with kidney function and cause kidney failure. (It’s important to note that individual kidney cysts are fairly common and almost always harmless. Polycystic kidney disease is a separate, more serious condition.)
Urinary tract infections
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are bacterial infections of any part of the urinary system. Infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common. They are easily treatable and rarely lead to more health problems. However, if left untreated, these infections can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure.